大学英语四级阅读练习附答案

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  Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles (困难). People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off (挡开) illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.

  Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting (转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental supportfinancial aid, material resources, and needed servicesthat reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.

  36. Interpersonal relationships are important because ________.

  A) they are indispensable to peoples social well-being

  B) they awaken peoples desire to exchange resources

  C) they help people to cope with life in the information era

  D) they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc

  37. Research shows that peoples physical and mental health ________.

  A) relies on the social welfare systems which support them

  B) has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

  C) depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

  D) is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

  38. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word cushions (Line 1, Para. 2)

  A) Adds up to.

  B) Does away with.

  C) Lessens the effect of.

  D) Lays the foundation for.

  39. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ________.

  A) instrumental support

  B) informational support

  C) social companionship

  D) the strengthening of self-respect

  40. Social companionship is beneficial in that ________.

  A) it helps strengthen our ties with relatives

  B) it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes

  C) it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable

  D) it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

  36. A 37. B 38. C 39.A 40. D

  Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will behave like wild animals. They will soil your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively, fight other dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong thing. The key to preventing or treating behavior problems is learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal behavior to outlets that are acceptable in the domestic setting.

  One of the best things you can do for your dog and yourself is to obedience train it. Obedience training doesnt solve all behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem. Training pens up a line of communication between you and your dog. Effective communication is necessary to instruct your dog about what you want it to do.

  Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog obeys a simple request of come here, sit, it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is not necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the pack (群) by using extreme measure. You can teach your dog its subordinate (从属的) role by teaching it to show submission to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you to pleasantly accept that you are in charge.

  Training should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog. It can enrich your relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well-trained dog is more confident and can more safely be allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained animal.

  21. Behavior problems of dogs are believe to ________.

  A) be just part of their nature

  B) worsen in modern society

  C) occur when they go wild

  D) present a threat to the community

  22. The primary purpose of obedience training is to ________.

  A) teach the dog to perform clever tricks

  B) make the dog aware of its owners authority

  C) provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior

  D) enable the dog to regain its normal behavior

  23. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is ________.

  A) essential to solving the dogs behavior problems

  B) the foundation for dogs to perform tasks

  C) a good way to teach the dog new tricks

  D) an extreme measure in obedience training

  24. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters

  A) To avoid being punished.

  B) To show their affection for their masters.

  C) To win leadership of the dog pack.

  D) To show their willingness to obey.

  25. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner ________.

  A) can give the dog more rewards

  B) will enjoy a better family life

  C) can give the dog more freedom

  D) will have more confidence in himself

  21. A 22. C 23. B 24. D 25. C

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